|| Several genetic linkage maps have been published
in recent years on different Prunus species
suggesting a high level of resemblance among the
genomes of these species. One of these maps (Joobeur et al., Theor Appl Genet 97:1034?1041 [(1998); Aranzana et al., Theor Appl Genet 106:819?825 (2002b)] constructed from interspecific almond Texas x peach Earlygold
F2 progeny (TxE) was considered to be saturated.
We selected 142 F1 apricot hybrids obtained from a cross between P. armeniaca cvs. Polonais and Stark Early Orange for mapping. Eighty-eight RFLP probes and 20 peach SSR primer pairs used for the 'reference map' were selected to cover the eight linkage groups. One P.davidiana and an additional 14 apricot simple sequence repeats (SSRs) were mapped for the F1 progeny. Eighty three amplified fragment length polymorphisms were added in order to increase the density of the maps. Separate maps were made for each parent according to the ?double pseudo-testcross? model of analysis. A total of
141 markers were placed on the map of Stark Early
Orange, defining a total length of 699 cM, and 110 markers were placed on the map of Polonais, defining a total length of 538 cM. Twenty-one SSRs and 18 restriction placed in the TxE map were heterozygous in both parents (anchor loci), thereby enabling the alignment of the eight homologous linkage groups of each map. Except for 15 markers, most markers present in each
linkage group in apricot were aligned with those in TxE map, indicating a high degree of colinearity between the apricot genome and the peach and almond genomes. These results suggest a strong homology of the genomes between these species and probably between Prunophora and Amygdalus sub-genera.