QTL mapping and characterization of black spot disease resistance using two multi-parental diploid rose populations
Black spot disease (BSD) (Diplocarpon rosae) is the most common and damaging fungal disease in garden roses (Rosa sp.). Although qualitative resistance to BSD has been extensively investigated, the research on quantitative resistance lags behind. The goal of this research was to study the genetic basis of BSD resistance in two multi-parental populations (TX2WOB and TX2WSE) through a pedigree-based analysis approach (PBA). Both populations were genotyped and evaluated for BSD incidence over five years in three locations in Texas. A total of 28 QTLs, distributed over all linkage groups (LGs), were detected across both populations. Consistent minor effect QTLs included two on LG1 and LG3 (TX2WOB and TX2WSE), two on LG4 and LG5 (TX2WSE), and one QTL on LG7 (TX2WOB). In addition, one major QTL detected in both populations was consistently mapped on LG3. This QTL was localized to an interval ranging from 18.9 to 27.8 Mbp on the Rosa chinensis genome and explained 20 and 33% of the phenotypic variation. Furthermore, haplotype analysis showed that this QTL had three distinct functional alleles. The parent PP-J14–3 was the common source of the LG3 BSD resistance in both populations. Taken together, this research presents the characterization of new SNP-tagged genetic determinants of BSD resistance, the discovery of marker-trait associations to enable parental choice based on their BSD resistance QTL haplotypes, and substrates for the development of trait-predictive DNA tests for routine use in marker-assisted breeding for BSD resistance.
This publication contains information about 1,173 features:
This publication contains information about 1 projects: