Germplasm Overview
SpeciesPrunus dulcis
DescriptionAlmond cultivar Texas (also known as Mission) was used as a female parent in T x E cross. Its continued popularity is due to its late bloom (which reduces its frost susceptibility), high productivity, and market demand. The tree is vigorous when young, but vigor decreases with age. It is upright in growth habit and easy to train. It may be short-lived, is quite susceptible to Ceratocystis (mallet wound canker), and is sensitive to salt injury. In sandy soils, Mission can also be susceptible to herbicide injury, but generally this is manageable. The hardshelled nut is resistant to navel orangeworm attack. Noninfectious bud failure has been detected in only a few scattered trees and is not considered a production problem. Mission yields relatively small kernels (25 to 28 per ounce) and therefore needs to produce high numbers of almonds to compensate. It shows a pattern of bearing on spurs rather than on shoots, so very early production can be delayed slightly. However, its yield potential develops rapidly to a moderate to high level. Some decline in production often develops as the tree gets older.
Origin CountryN/A
Origin DetailA chance seedling originating in Texas about 1891, the Mission variety, originally known as Texas or Texas Prolific, was brought to California, where it was first grown at Acampo.
Maternal ParentN/A
Paternal ParentN/A
Maternal Parent ofTexas_x_Earlygold-F2 [view all 2]
Paternal Parent ofN/A
Phenotypic DataN/A
SSR Genotype DataN/A
SNP Genotype DataN/A
Map[view all 4]
DNA LibraryN/A
Sequence[view all 20 ]
Population Map
NameTypePopulationTypeGenome Group
Prunus Bin MapgeneticF2
Prunus-TE-6K cherry SNP-estimategeneticF2
Maternal Parent Of
Germplasm Name Description Type