Identification and stability of QTLs for fruit quality traits in apple

Publication Overview
TitleIdentification and stability of QTLs for fruit quality traits in apple
AuthorsKenis K, Keulemans J, Davey MW
TypeJournal Article
Journal NameTree genetics and genomes
CitationKenis K, Keulemans J, Davey MW. Identification and stability of QTLs for fruit quality traits in apple. Tree genetics and genomes. 2008; 4(4):647-661.


Breeding for fruit quality traits is complex due to the polygenic (quantitative) nature of the genetic control of these traits. Therefore, to improve the speed and efficiency of genotype selection, attention in recent years has focused on the identification of quantitative trait loci (QTLs) and molecular markers associated with these QTLs. However, despite the huge potential of molecular markers in breeding programmes, their implementation in practice has been limited by the lack of information on the stability of QTLs across different environments and within different genetic backgrounds. Here, we present the results from a comprehensive analysis of the inheritance of fruit quality traits within a population derived from a cross between the apple cultivars 'Telamon' and 'Braeburn' over two successive seasons. A total of 74 different QTLs were identified for all the major fruit physiological traits including fruit height, diameter, weight and stiffness, flesh firmness, rate of flesh browning, acidity, the [ordinal indicator, masculine]Brix content and harvest date. Seventeen of these QTLs were 'major' QTLs, accounting for over 20% of the observed population variance of the trait. However, only one third (26) of the identified QTLs were stable over both harvest years, and of these year-stable QTLs only one was a major QTL. A direct comparison with published QTL results obtained using other populations (King et al., Theor Appl Genet 102:1227-1235, 2001; Liebhard et al., Plant Mol Biol 52:511-526, 2003) is difficult because the linkage maps do not share a sufficient number of common markers and due to differences in the trait evaluation protocols. Nonetheless, our results suggest that for the six fruit quality traits which were measured in all populations, nine out of a total of 45 QTLs were common or stable across all population x environments combinations. These results are discussed in the framework of the development and application of molecular markers for fruit quality trait improvement.
This publication contains information about 99 features:
Feature NameUniquenameType
harvest indexqHI.TB-ch10.2004(TEL)QTL
harvest indexqHI.TB-ch16.2004(TEL)QTL
harvest indexqHI.TB-ch3.2004(BR)QTL
harvest indexqHI.TB-ch9.2004(BR)QTL
harvest indexqHI.TB-ch16.2004(BR)QTL
harvest indexqHI.TB-ch10.2005(TEL)QTL
harvest indexqHI.TB-ch16.2005(TEL)QTL
harvest indexqHI.TB-ch9.2005(BR)QTL
harvest indexqHI.TB-ch16.2005(BR)QTL
Fruit widthqFRDIA.TB-ch5.2004(TEL)QTL
Fruit widthqFRDIA.TB-ch10.2004(TEL)QTL
Fruit widthqFRDIA.TB-ch17.2004(TEL)QTL
Fruit widthqFRDIA.TB-ch10.2004(BR)QTL
Fruit widthqFRDIA.TB-ch17.2004(BR)QTL
Fruit widthqFRDIA.TB-ch2.2005(TEL)QTL
Fruit widthqFRDIA.TB-ch9.2005(TEL)QTL
Fruit widthqFRDIA.TB-ch10.2005(TEL)QTL
Fruit widthqFRDIA.TB-ch10.2005(BR)QTL
Fruit widthqFRDIA.TB-ch17.2005(BR)QTL
fruit lengthqFRHT.TB-ch2.2004(TEL)QTL
fruit lengthqFRHT.TB-ch6.2004(TEL)QTL
fruit lengthqFRHT.TB-ch17.2004(TEL)QTL
fruit lengthqFRHT.TB-ch2.2004(BR)QTL
fruit lengthqFRHT.TB-ch6.2004(BR)QTL
fruit lengthqFRHT.TB-ch15.2004(BR)QTL


This publication contains information about 1 maps:
Map Name