Prunus avium Tieton Genome v1.0 Assembly & Annotation
Wang J, Liu W, Zhu D, Zhou X, Hong P, Zhao H, Tan Y, Chen X, Zong X, Xu L, Zhang L, Wei H, Liu Q. A de novo assembly of the sweet cherry (Prunus avium cv. Tieton) genome using linked-read sequencing technology. PeerJ. 2020 Jun 5;8:e9114. doi: 10.7717/peerj.9114.
The sweet cherry (Prunus avium) is one of the most economically important fruit species in the world. However, there is a limited amount of genetic information available for this species, which hinders breeding efforts at a molecular level. We were able to describe a high-quality reference genome assembly and annotation of the diploid sweet cherry (2n = 2x = 16) cv. Tieton using linked-read sequencing technology. We generated over 750 million clean reads, representing 112.63 GB of raw sequencing data. The Supernova assembler produced a more highly-ordered and continuous genome sequence than the current P. avium draft genome, with a contig N50 of 63.65 KB and a scaffold N50 of 2.48 MB. The final scaffold assembly was 280.33 MB in length, representing 82.12% of the estimated Tieton genome. Eight chromosome-scale pseudomolecules were constructed, completing a 214 MB sequence of the final scaffold assembly. De novo, homology-based, and RNA-seq methods were used together to predict 30,975 protein-coding loci. 98.39% of core eukaryotic genes and 97.43% of single copy orthologues were identified in the embryo plant, indicating the completeness of the assembly. Linked-read sequencing technology was effective in constructing a high-quality reference genome of the sweet cherry, which will benefit the molecular breeding and cultivar identification in this species.