Transcriptome analysis of Callery pear (Pyrus calleryana) reveals a comprehensive signalling network in response to Alternaria alternata

Publication Overview
TitleTranscriptome analysis of Callery pear (Pyrus calleryana) reveals a comprehensive signalling network in response to Alternaria alternata
AuthorsKan J, Liu T, Ma N, Li H, Li X, Wang J, Zhang B, Chang Y, Lin J
TypeJournal Article
Journal NamePloS one
Volume12
Issue9
Year2017
Page(s)e0184988
CitationKan J, Liu T, Ma N, Li H, Li X, Wang J, Zhang B, Chang Y, Lin J. Transcriptome analysis of Callery pear (Pyrus calleryana) reveals a comprehensive signalling network in response to Alternaria alternata. PloS one. 2017; 12(9):e0184988.

Abstract

The pear is an important temperate fruit worldwide that is produced by a group of species in the genus Pyrus. Callery pear (Pyrus calleryana Decne) is characterized by high resistance to multiple diseases, good adaptability, and high ornamental value, and is therefore widely planted in pear orchards for edible fruit production or as stock. Plant pathogens are a major threat to pear yield. Black spot disease, caused by the filamentous fungus Alternaria alternata, is one of the most serious diseases in pear. Elucidation of resistant genes to black spot disease is extremely important for understanding the underlying mechanisms as well as for the development of resistant cultivars. In this study, high-throughput single-strand RNA-sequencing was used to compare the transcriptome profiles of Callery pear leaves before and after A. alternata incubation for 7 days. The analysis yielded 73.3 Gb of clean data that were mapped onto the reference genome of the Chinese pear, and differentially expressed gene(DEG)s were identified with |log2FC| ≥ 1. Functional annotation demonstrated that black spot disease promoted great changes in the overall metabolism, and enrichment analysis of gene ontology terms showed that most of them are closely linked to signalling network and photosynthesis. Specifically, the genes included mainly transcription factors and genes involved in calcium signalling and ethylene and jasmonate pathways. Eight members of the ethylene response factor transcription factor gene family Group IX, including ERF1, ERF7, and ERF105, were up-regulated to 2.03-3.37-fold compared with CK, suggesting their role in the defence response to pathogen infection. Additionally, multiple transcription factors involved in biotic stresses, such as NAC78, NAC2, MYB44, and bHLH28, were up-regulated. Furthermore, we identified 144 long non-coding (lnc)RNAs, providing new insight into the involvement of lncRNAs in the response to black spot disease. Our study provides valuable data on the molecular genetics and functional genomic mechanisms of resistance to black spot disease in Callery pear. A good understanding of the molecular response to this disease will allow the development of durable and environmentally friendly control strategies.

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PMID: PubMedPMID:28934298