A near complete, chromosome-scale assembly of the black raspberry (Rubus occidentalis) genome

Publication Overview
TitleA near complete, chromosome-scale assembly of the black raspberry (Rubus occidentalis) genome
AuthorsVanBuren R, Wai CM, Colle M, Wang J, Sullivan S, Bushakra JM, Liachko I, Vining KJ, Dossett M, Finn CE, Jibran R, Chagné D, Childs K, Edger PP, Mockler TC, Bassil NV
TypeJournal Article
Journal NameGigaScience
Year2018
CitationVanBuren R, Wai CM, Colle M, Wang J, Sullivan S, Bushakra JM, Liachko I, Vining KJ, Dossett M, Finn CE, Jibran R, Chagné D, Childs K, Edger PP, Mockler TC, Bassil NV. A near complete, chromosome-scale assembly of the black raspberry (Rubus occidentalis) genome. GigaScience. 2018 Aug 09.

Abstract

Background
The fragmented nature of most draft plant genomes has hindered downstream gene discovery, trait mapping for breeding, and other functional genomics applications. There is a pressing need to improve or finish draft plant genome assemblies.

Findings
Here we present a chromosome-scale assembly of the black raspberry genome using single-molecule real-time (SMRT) PacBio sequencing and Hi-C genome scaffolding. The updated V3 assembly has a contig N50 of 5.1 Mb, representing a ∼200-fold improvement over the previous Illumina-based version. Each of the 235 contigs was anchored and oriented into seven chromosomes, correcting several major misassemblies. Black raspberry V3 contains 47 Mb of new sequences including large pericentromeric regions and thousands of previously unannotated protein-coding genes. Among the new genes are hundreds of expanded tandem gene arrays that were collapsed in the Illumina-based assembly. Detailed comparative genomics with the high quality V4 woodland strawberry genome (Fragaria vesca) revealed near perfect 1:1 synteny with dramatic divergence in tandem gene array composition. Lineage-specific tandem gene arrays in black raspberry are related to agronomic traits such as disease resistance and secondary metabolite biosynthesis.

Conclusions
The improved resolution of tandem gene arrays highlights the need to reassemble these highly complex and biologically important regions in draft plant genomes. The updated, high-quality black raspberry reference genome will be useful for comparative genomics across the horticulturally important Rosaceae family and enable the development of marker assisted breeding in Rubus.

Cross References
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DatabaseAccession
PMID: PubMedPMID:30107523