Prunus all species

Overview
GenusPrunus
Speciesall species
Common NamePrunus
AbbreviationPrunus (all species)
PloidyDiploid
Chromosome Number2n=2x=16
Genome Sizevaries by species
Available Markers103,342
Available Maps86
Available QTLs1,235
Available MTLs56
Available Phenotype Data98,747 measurements for 255 descriptors
Available Genotype Data8,044 SNPs; 558 SSRs
Genome Assemblies2
Genomes

Whole Genome Sequences & Annotations for Prunus

Transcripts

Available Prunus transcript data in GDR .  Click on the Transcript Assembly name for more detailed information.  The Prunus Reference Transcriptome (Prunus RefTrans v1.0) from published RNA-Seq and EST data is coming soon.

 
Transcript Assembly Date Constructed Stats
Prunus Unigene v5 2013-01-03 Input EST Reads: 106,148
Assembled Contigs: 10,934
Singlets: 22,957
Prunus Unigene v4 2008-01-01 Input EST Reads: 89,166
Assembled Contigs: 9,179
Singlets: 15,128
Prunus Unigene v3 2006-06-01 Input EST Reads: 83,751
Assembled Contigs: 8,818
Singlets: 14,903
Prunus Unigene v2 2005-12-01 Input EST Reads: 40,868
Assembled Contigs: 5,047
Singlets: 7,862
Prunus serotina Unigene v1 (Penn State) 2012-09-30 Input EST Reads: 1,335,589
Assembled Contigs: 28,461
Singlets: NA
Description

Prunus genus belongs to the Rosaceae family and includes several hundred species of flowering trees and shrubs that mostly are deciduous. Most members are diploid (2n=2x=16) although a few polyploids exist. Several sequenced genomes in the genus are relatively small, about 2-3 times the Arabidopsis genome size. The leaves typically are simple and have shallow toothed margins. The flowers usually have five pink or white petals that appear before leaves, but double petals and/or other colors are common in ornamental selections. The fruits are a drupe that has a stone or pit (endocarp) enclosing a seed. Hence the common name for this genus is “stone fruit”. Most Prunus species are native to northern temperate regions and accordingly adapted to diverse soil and climatic conditions. The range of adaptability of commercial crops has been extended through breeding. Almost all commercial trees are propagated by budding or grafting, to maintain true-to-type scion cultivars and enhance their horticultural performance through use of specific rootstocks.  Some Prunus are important specialty crops, including almond (P. dulcis), apricot (P. armeniaca), peach / nectarine (P. persica), European plum (P. domestica), Japanese plum (P. salicina) and hybrids, sweet cherry (P. avium), and sour cherry (P. cerasus). Some are attractive ornamentals, such as flowering cherry (P. serrulata) and Japanese apricot (P. mume). Many wild species need further exploration for potential scion and rootstock improvement or other utilization.