Trait Overview
Traitfruit firmness
Trait Categoryquality trait
AbbreviationFRFRM
Definitionforce required for first bite
Descriptors[view all 12]
QTLs[view all 61]
Descriptors
GroupDescriptor
GRIN_APPLEFRTFLSHFRM
GRIN_PLUMFIRMNESS
GRIN_RUBUSFIRMNESS
GRIN_STRAWBERRYFLESHFIRM
GRIN_APRICOTFIRMNESS
GRIN_PEACHFIRMNESS
STRAWBERRY_CRSFRUIT_FIRMNESS
STRAWBERRY_CRSSKIN_FIRMNESS
SWEET_CHERRY_CRSBulked_Fruit_Firmness
SWEET_CHERRY_CRSFirmness_1
TART_CHERRY_CRSFirmness
TART_CHERRY_CRSFirmness_Firmtech
QTLs
Download Table
QTL/MTLLinkage GroupPeakStartStopDatasetMapViewer
GR:4:7-13LG4-26.834.1naView
HB-CChr02-24.7628.94naView
HB-DChr02-28.9729.54naView
HB-EChr02-29.5835.11naView
HB-FChr02-37.7342.93naView
qFRFRM.232x1392-ch2F6.2009II-F.61.04--Agronomical and fruit quality traits-Amaya-2011View
qFRFRM.232x1392-ch7F1.2009II-F.61.04--Agronomical and fruit quality traits-Amaya-2011View
qFRFRM.A-ch1.1-Y11-60.376.29SweetCherry-Firmness&Dimension-Wunsch-2020View
qFRFRM.A-ch1.1-Y21-61.3474.28SweetCherry-Firmness&Dimension-Wunsch-2020View
qFRFRM.A-ch6.1-Y26-38.9671.07SweetCherry-Firmness&Dimension-Wunsch-2020View
qFRFRM.BT-Ch5-2009LG511.9--Peach-Fruit quality-Gogorcena-2016View
qFRFRM.BT-Ch5-2010LG52.94--Peach-Fruit quality-Gogorcena-2016View
qFRFRM.BT-Ch5-MeanLG535.7299999999999969--Peach-Fruit quality-Gogorcena-2016View
qFRFRM.CCF-LGIIb-mLGIIb-m---Fruit quality traits-Denoyes-Rothan-2012View
qFRFRM.CCF-LGIIIa-fLGIIIa-f---Fruit quality traits-Denoyes-Rothan-2012View
qFRFRM.CCF-LGIIIa-mLGIIIa-m---Fruit quality traits-Denoyes-Rothan-2012View
qFRFRM.CCF-LGIIIb-mLGIIIb-m---Fruit quality traits-Denoyes-Rothan-2012View
qFRFRM.CCF-LGIIIc-fLGIIIc-f---Fruit quality traits-Denoyes-Rothan-2012View
qFRFRM.CCF-LGIVa-fLGIVa-f---Fruit quality traits-Denoyes-Rothan-2012View
qFRFRM.CCF-LGVc-m/fLGVc-m/f---Fruit quality traits-Denoyes-Rothan-2012View
qFRFRM-ch4.1-2017LG4-5054SweetCherry-fruit maturity and quality-Wunsch-2020View
qFRFRM-ch4.1-2018LG4-5153SweetCherry-fruit maturity and quality-Wunsch-2020View
qFRFRM-ch6.1-2017LG6-78109SweetCherry-fruit maturity and quality-Wunsch-2020View
qFRFRM-ch6.1-2018LG6-74109SweetCherry-fruit maturity and quality-Wunsch-2020View
qFRFRM.DG-G1.1G1---Peach chilling injury susceptibility-Crisosto-2012View
qFRFRM.DG-G1.2G1---Peach fruit quality traits-Ogundiwin-2009View
qFRFRM.DG-G4.1G4---Peach fruit quality traits-Ogundiwin-2009View
qFRFRM.DG-G4.2G4---Peach fruit quality traits-Ogundiwin-2009View
qFRFRM.DG-G5G5---Peach fruit quality traits-Ogundiwin-2009View
qFRFRM.DG-G7G7---Peach fruit quality traits-Ogundiwin-2009View
qFRFRM.DG-G8G8---Peach fruit quality traits-Ogundiwin-2009View
qFRFRM.FD-ch11(D-)11(D-)38--Physiological traits-Gessler-2003View
qFRFRM.FD-ch12(D-)1250--Physiological traits-Gessler-2003View
qFRFRM.FD-ch14(F+)14(F+)47--Physiological traits-Gessler-2003View
qFRFRM.FD-ch3(D+)384--Physiological traits-Gessler-2003View
qFRFRM.FD-ch6(D+)6(D+)24--Physiological traits-Gessler-2003View
qFRFRM.FD-ch6(F-)648--Physiological traits-Gessler-2003View
qFRFRM.FX-F4.1X43910.367.7SweetCherry-Fruitfirmness-Cai-2019View
qFRFRM.FX-X4.1F434.533.136SweetCherry-Fruitfirmness-Cai-2019View
qFRFRM-LG1.2m-20201484570Sweet_Cherry-fruit_quality-Crump-2022View
qFRFRM-LG1.2m-multi1483470Sweet_Cherry-fruit_quality-Crump-2022View
qFRFRM-LG3.2m-20203625066Sweet_Cherry-fruit_quality-Crump-2022View
qFRFRM-LG3.2m-multi3625366Sweet_Cherry-fruit_quality-Crump-2022View
qFRFRM.OA-ch10-OrinOR1047--Apple fruit quality traits-Kunihisa-2014View
qFRFRM.OA-ch11-OrinOR116.3--Apple fruit quality traits-Kunihisa-2014View
qFRFRM.OA-ch3-AkaneAK374.2--Apple fruit quality traits-Kunihisa-2014View
qFRFRM.PF-L01L01---Apple fruit texture traits-King-2001View
qFRFRM.PF-L03L03---Apple fruit texture traits-King-2001View
qFRFRM.PF-L08L08---Apple fruit texture traits-King-2001View
qFRFRM.PF-L10L10---Apple fruit texture traits-King-2001View
qFRFRM.PF-L15L15---Apple fruit texture traits-King-2001View
qFRFRM.S-ch1.2-Y11-16.8430.76SweetCherry-Firmness&Dimension-Wunsch-2020View
qFRFRM.S-ch1.2-Y21-19.1328.76SweetCherry-Firmness&Dimension-Wunsch-2020View
qFRFRM.V-Ch4-2007LG445.5--Peach-Fruit quality-Gogorcena-2016View
qFRFRM.V-Ch4-2009LG454.65--Peach-Fruit quality-Gogorcena-2016View
qFRFRM.V-Ch4-MeanLG454.65--Peach-Fruit quality-Gogorcena-2016View
qFRFRM.VV-Ch4.1G434.7--Peach Fruit Quality-Meneses-2015View
qFRFRM.VV-Ch4.2G451.8--Peach Fruit Quality-Meneses-2015View
qFRFRM.XX-ch10.1-071083.31770.2483.317Apple- Fruit Texture-Ben Sadok-2015View
qFRFRM.XX-ch10.1-111062.24053.7383.31Apple- Fruit Texture-Ben Sadok-2015View
qFRFRM.XX-ch11.11170.72167.03172.721Apple- Fruit Texture-Ben Sadok-2015View
YearPublication
2003Liebhard R, Kellerhals M, Pfammatter W, Jertmini M, Gessler C. Mapping quantitative physiological traits in apple (Malus x domestica Borkh.). Plant Molecular Biology. 2003 Jun; 52(3):511-526.
2001King GJ, Lynn JR, Dover CJ, Evans KM, Seymour GB. Resolution of quantitative trait loci for mechanical measures accounting for genetic variation in fruit texture of apple (Malus pumila Mill.). Theoretical and applied genetics. 2001; 102(8):1227-1235.
2009Ogundiwin EA, Peace CP, Gradziel TM, Parfitt DE, Bliss FA, Crisosto CH. A fruit quality gene map of Prunus. BMC genomics. 2009; 10:587.
2011Zorrilla-Fontanesi Y, Cabeza A, Domínguez P, Medina JJ, Valpuesta V, Denoyes-Rothan B, Sánchez-Sevilla JF, Amaya I. Quantitative trait loci and underlying candidate genes controlling agronomical and fruit quality traits in octoploid strawberry (Fragaria x ananassa). Theoretical and Applied Genetics. 2011 Sep; 123(5):755-778.
2012Dhanapal AP, Martínez-García PJ, Gradziel TM, Crisosto CH. First genetic linkage map of chilling injury susceptibility in peach (Prunus persica (L.) Batsch) fruit with SSR and SNP markers. Journal of Plant Science and Molecular Breeding. 2012; 1:3.
2012Lerceteau-Köhler E, Moing A, Guérin G, Renaud C, Petit A, Rothan C, Denoyes B. Genetic dissection of fruit quality traits in the octoploid cultivated strawberry highlights the role of homoeo-QTL in their control. Theoretical and Applied Genetics. 2012 Apr; 124(6):1059-1077.
2014Kunihisa M, Moriya S, Abe K, Okada K, Haji T, Hayashi T, Kim H, Nishitani C, Terakami S, Yamamoto T. Identification of QTLs for fruit quality traits in Japanese apples: QTLs for early ripening are tightly related to preharvest fruit drop. Breeding science. 2014 Sep; 64(3):240-51.
2015Nuñez-Lillo G, Cifuentes-Esquivel A, Troggio M, Micheletti D, Infante R, Campos-Vargas R, Orellana A, Blanco-Herrera F, Meneses C. Identification of candidate genes associated with mealiness and maturity date in peach [Prunus persica (L.) Batsch] using QTL analysis and deep sequencing. Tree Genetics & Genomes 2015, 11:86
2015Ben Sadok I, Tiecher A, Galvez-Lopez D, Lahaye M, Lasserre-Zuber P, Bruneau M, Hanteville S, Robic R, Cournol R, Laurens F. Apple fruit texture QTLs: year and cold storage effects on sensory and instrumental traits. Tree Genetics & Genomes 2015 11:119
2016José Luis Zeballos, Walid Abidi , Rosa Giménez, Antonio J. Monforte, María Ángeles Moreno, Yolanda Gogorcena. Mapping QTLs associated with fruit quality traits in peach [Prunus persica (L.) Batsch] using SNP maps. Tree Genetics & Genomes June 2016, 12:37
2018Cai L, Stegmeir T, Sebolt A, Zheng C, Bink MCAM, Iezzoni A. Identification of bloom date QTLs and haplotype analysis in tetraploid sour cherry (Prunus cerasus). Tree Genetics and Genomes. 2018; 14:22.
2019Cai L, Quero-García J, Barreneche T, Dirlewanger E, Saski C, Iezzoni A. A fruit firmness QTL identified on linkage group 4 in sweet cherry (Prunus avium L.) is associated with domesticated and bred germplasm. Scientific reports. 2019 Mar 21; 9(1):5008.
2017Cai L, Voorrips R, vandeWeg E, Peace C, Iezzoni A. Genetic structure of a QTL hotspot on chromosome 2 in sweet cherry indicates positive selection for favorable haplotypes. Mol Breeding. 2017; 37:85.
2020Calle A, Wünsch A. Multiple-population QTL mapping of maturity and fruit-quality traits reveals LG4 region as a breeding target in sweet cherry (Prunus avium L.).. Horticulture research. 2020; 7:127.
202013319
2022Crump WW, Peace C, Zhang Z, McCord P. Detection of breeding-relevant fruit cracking and fruit firmness QTLs in sweet cherry via pedigree-based and genome-wide association approaches. 2022. Accepted to frontiers in Plant Sciences.