Integrated high-density consensus genetic map of Pyrus and anchoring of the 'Bartlett' v1.0 (Pyrus communis) genome
Genetic maps are essential tools for pear genetics and genomics research. In this study, we first constructed an integrated simple sequence repeat (SSR) and single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP)-based consensus genetic map for pear based on common SSR markers between nine published maps. A total of 5,085 markers, including 1,232 SSRs and 3,853 SNPs, were localized on a consensus map spanning 3,266.0 cM in total, with an average marker interval of 0.64 cM, which represents the highest density consensus map of pear to date. Using three sets of high-density SNP-based genetic maps with European pear genetic backgrounds, we anchored a total of 291.5 Mb of the 'Bartlett' v1.0 (Pyrus communis L.) genome scaffolds into 17 pseudo-chromosomes. This accounted for 50.5% of the genome assembly, which was a great improvement on the 29.7% achieved originally. Intra-genome and inter-genome synteny analyses of the new 'Bartlett' v1.1 genome assembly with the Asian pear 'Dangshansuli' (Pyrus bretschneideri Rehd.) and apple (Malus × domestica Borkh.) genomes uncovered four new segmental duplication regions. The integrated high-density SSR and SNP-based consensus genetic map provided new insights into the genetic structure patterns of pear and assisted in the genome assembly of 'Bartlett' through further exploration of different pear genetic maps.
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